Endocrinology is the study of medicine that relates to the endocrine system, the system that controls the all-mighty and powerful hormones. This system is made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones that then go out and regulate – or don’t – many of the body’s functions. The major endocrine glands are the thyroid, pancreas, parathyroid, adrenal, gonad and pituitary. Hormones produced by these glands regulate growth, metabolism, blood pressure, reproduction as well as many other necessary functions.
The hormones produced by these glands are sent into the bloodstream to various tissues in the body to tell them what they are supposed to do. When these glands do not function properly, diseases and other health problems can develop.
Some common conditions and diseases that are addressed by endocrinology are:
- Pre-Menstrual Syndrome and Pre-Menstrual Dysphoric Disorder
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Menopause and Symptoms of Peri-Menopause
- Adrenal dysfunction including Cushing’s and Addison’s Syndrome
- Diabetes Type I, Type II and Autoimmune Diabetes
- Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Syndrome
- Osteoporosis and bone growth disorders
- Thyroid disorders (hypothyroidism & hyperthyroidism)
- Heart Disease related to hormones (low estrogen and testosterone)
- Infertility and chronic miscarriages